The history of Oregon began with the exploration of the Northwest. First, in the 17th and 18th centuries, Spanish and British explorers traveled up the Pacific coast. Then, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark surveyed Oregon after the Louisiana Purchase in 1803.
The Oregon Trail was used by both American and British emigrants to travel west in the 1830s. The most heavily traveled route in the U.S.’s westward expansion, 12,000 emigrants made the 2,000-mile journey from Missouri to the Oregon Territory beginning in 1836.
The 49th parallel was chosen as the boundary in 1846 between American land and the British realm that later became a portion of Canada. Oregon was also added to the union in 1859.
The economy of the Pacific Ocean coastal state has traditionally been focused on inland agriculture, logging, and fishing. It has been shifting to service and manufacturing sectors in more recent years. Most significantly, a developing high-technology economy has drawn attention to the counties located around Portland.
One of the states that depend the most on commerce is Oregon. Oregon exports goods worth more than $18 billion per year to foreign nations. The top commodities in the state, including wheat, hay, milk, cattle, calves, milk, and nursery and greenhouse products, bring in more than $4 billion annually. Nearly the majority of the hazelnuts consumed in the US are also grown in this state.
The Willamette Valley in Oregon, which is home to vineyards famous for their Pinot Noir and Cabernet Sauvignon, has become one of the best wine-producing regions in the United States.
Crater Lake, which was formed in the ruins of an ancient volcano, is the deepest lake in the country and the ninth-deepest lake in the world at 1,943 feet. The Columbia River Gorge, which crosses the border with Washington to the north, has been designated a National Scenic Area.
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